African American history in the Kentucky Borderlands is complex, disrupted by enslavement trauma, war, violence, and migrations. Boone County, Kentucky reflects the complex nature of African American history within the Northern Kentucky region. In 1860, over 20 percent of the population was African American and enslaved. By 1900, less than five percent of the African American population remained. Whereas before the Civil War nearly 2500 enslaved were held by hundreds of enslavers throughout the county, after the Civil War the former enslaved and their descendants lived in just ten communities scattered throughout the area.